Charkas also govern different physical body parts and have different effects on each individual. Each Chakra has a corresponding element, Zodiac, planets and principles. Many studies have been conducted on the Charka system and knowledge of the Charkas dates back more than 30 000 years.
The ideas of the Charkas originated in India, and is a part of the Hindu religious belief system, although adopted by other spiritual believers and systems. In yoga, the Charkas play a significant role in relation to Prana, the life force and the direction of energy flow within the body.
Mental Health is defined by the World Health Organization as a state of wellbeing in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to their community. This definition clearly states that mental health is related to one’s own abilities. As each of us has seven psychic centres with various abilities, mental health is therefore related to them.
It is also a common belief that all physical dis-ease is directly related to mental dis-ease. As we experience thoughts, we develop meaning and beliefs, and it is these beliefs which shape our reality. If we are not at ease with our beliefs we are in a state of mental illness (Alberg et al, 15).
The Mental Health of any individual is able to change due to the contribution of risk factors and protective factors. Risk factors contribute to negative mental health and include factors like socioeconomic status and prevalence of illness, whereas protective factors contribute to positive mental health and mainly consist of an individual’s support network.
Our mental health affects our daily functioning, our ability to contribute to society and have meaningful relationships. A person suffering from poor mental health will struggle in these areas of life, often remaining unemployed, lacking meaningful relationships and unable to function on a day to day basis without assistance.
Poor mental health may take the form of disease or illness including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or border line personality disorder, to name a few. Many of these illnesses have unknown causes, and it is thought that multiple factors contribute to their onset.